AWS Interview Questions And Answers

Top 50+ AWS Interview Questions and Answers

AWS Interview Questions And Answers

1. Define and explain The types of cloud services and the AWS products?

There are three primary categories of cloud services:

  • Computing
  • Storage
  • Networking

Several AWS products are designed around the three categories of cloud services:

  • Computing: Lightsat, Auto-Scaling, Elastic Beanstalk, Lambda, and EC2 are a few instances.
  • Storage: S3, Glacier, Elastic File System, and Elastic Block Storage are a few examples.
  • Networking: VPC, Route53, and Amazon CloudFront are some examples.

2. Define The relation between the Availability Zone and Region?

Similar to Asia South (Mumbai) and US-West 1 (North California), AWS regions are distinct geographical areas. Conversely, the areas that are contained within the regions are known as availability zones. Generally speaking, these are autonomous zones that can duplicate themselves as needed.

The study and creation of algorithms, data structures, and other mathematical ideas essential to computing are also included.

Computing, to put it simply, is the application of technology to data processing to enhance the usefulness and significance of information. In many different domains, including science, business, entertainment, and communication, it is essential.

3. What is auto-scaling?

One feature that lets you provision and start new instances whenever demand arises is auto-scaling. It gives you the ability to automatically adjust resource capacity to match demand.

4. What is geo-targeting in CloudFront?

By employing the idea of “geo-targeting,” businesses can show their audience content that is customized for their location without changing the URL. This gives you the ability to create content that is especially suited to the requirements of the audience in a specific area.

5. What are The Basic steps involved in a CloudFormation Solution?

The steps in a CloudFormation solution are as follows:

Using the JSON or YAML format, create a new CloudFormation template or use an existing one.

To call the bucket and build a stack on your template, use AWS CloudFormation. 

After reading the file, CloudFormation comprehends the called services, their hierarchy, and their relationship.

6. How will you upgrade or downgrade a system with near-zero downtime?

The following migration steps can be used for either upgrading or downgrading a system with almost no downtime:

  • Open the EC2 console.
  • Select the AMI operating system.
  • Use the new instance type to start an instance.
  • Put in all of the updates.
  • Install programs.
  • confirm when the instance is functioning and running around.
  • If successful, replace the previous instance with the new one and deploy it.

After deployment, there is almost no downtime when you upgrade or downgrade the system.

7.How do you identify and rectify potential overpayment in AWS using tools and techniques?

  • Using the following resources will allow you to determine whether you are paying the appropriate amount for the resources you are using:
  • Examine the Table of Top Services.
  • The cost management console has a dashboard that lists the top five services that are most frequently used. This will reveal to you the total amount of money you are spending on the relevant resources.
  • Spend Explorer
  • Services like Cost Explorer can assist you in viewing and analyzing your usage expenses over the previous 13 months.
  • It seems that there is also a three-month price projection available.
  • AWS Spending
  • This lets you set aside money for the services in your budget. It will also allow you to assess whether the current plan fits within your budget and the cost.

8. Besides the console, are there alternative tools for accessing the cloud environment?"

You can log into the resources provided by Amazon Web Services with the following assistance:

    • Putty
    • AWS CLI for Linux
    • AWS CLI for Windows
    • AWS CLI for Windows CMD
    • AWS SDK
    • Eclipse

9.Which services enable the creation of a centralized logging solution in AWS?"

The main resource that you can use is Amazon CloudWatch Logs, which you can store in Amazon S3 and visualize using Amazon Elastic Search. To transfer data from the Amazon S3 cloud to Amazon Elasticsearch, which uses Amazon Kinesis Firehose.

10. What logging features does AWS Security come with by default?

Logging options are available for the majority of AWS services. Additionally, some of them—such as AWS CloudTrail, AWS Config, and others—have account-level logging.

In particular, we’ll prioritize these two services:

  • CloudTrail on AWS

This service offers each account’s historical AWS API call history. It also enables you to track resource changes, conduct compliance audits, and analyze security in your AWS environment. The best feature of this service is that you can set it up to send notifications when new logs are delivered via AWS SNS.

  • AWS Setup 

This aids in your comprehension of the configuration modifications that take place in your environment. An AWS inventory is provided by this service.

11. Explain a DDoS attack and list the services that may reduce it.

DDoS is a type of cyberattack where the attacker gains access to a website and begins numerous sessions to prevent other authorized users from using the service. You may utilize the following built-in tools to avert DDoS attacks on your AWS services:

  • AWS Security
  • EWS applications. WAF
  • Route 53 on the Amazon
  • The Amazon Web Service ELB VPC

12. Despite your efforts, you are unable to see the service in the area where you are attempting to offer it. What is causing this, and how can it be avoided?

Not all regions can access all of Amazon AWS’s services. When Amazon first introduced a new service, not all regions received it right away. After a modest beginning, they gradually spread to new areas. It is therefore likely that a particular service you are looking for has not yet been published in your area if you are unable to find it there. But, you can move to the closest area that offers the services if you wish to obtain the one that isn’t available

13. How can a real-time website metrics monitoring system be configured in AWS?

You can track the application status of different AWS services as well as custom events with the aid of Amazon CloudWatch. It supports your monitoring of:

  • Amazon EC2 Auto-scaling lifecycle events: state changes
  • arranged events
  • AWS API requests
  • events of console sign-in

14. What are the variations among the various forms of virtualization offered by AWS?

In AWS, there are three main categories of virtualization: 

Virtual Hardware Machine (HVM)

The hardware is completely virtualized, with each virtual machine functioning independently of the others. These virtual computers start up by executing a master boot record stored in your image’s root block device.

PV, or paravirtualization

PV AMIs are booted using the bootloader known as Paravirtualization-GRUB. The kernel indicated in the menu is loaded by the PV-GRUB chain.

HVM Paravirtualization

PV on HVM enables operating systems to utilize network I/O and storage made possible by the host.

15. List a few AWS services that are not geographically restricted.

The following AWS services are not region-specific:

  • Road 53
  • Web-based Application Defense 

  • Front Cloud

16. What Distinguishes NAT Instances from NAT Gateways?

NAT Instances and NAT Gateways have some significant distinctions despite performing the same function.

17. Describe CloudWatch.

The features of the Amazon CloudWatch are as follows:

It is involved in setting off alarms based on various metrics.

assists in keeping an eye on various aspects of the AWS environments, such as CPU usage, EC2, Amazon RDS instances, Amazon SQS, S3, load balancers, and SNS.

18. Explain Elastic Transcoders to Me.

We must alter the video’s resolution and format in order to support a variety of devices with different resolutions, such as laptops, tablets, and smartphones. Elastic Transcoder, an AWS Service tool, is a cloud-based media transcoding tool that makes it simple to accomplish this. For developers and companies alike, it is very scalable, reasonably priced, and simple to use.

AWS Questions And Answers for Intermediate &Experienced

19. Is it possible to start an Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) instance with given private IP addresses? If so, which Amazon service enables it?

Sure. It is feasible to use VPC (Virtual Private Cloud).

20. What are availability zones and regions for Amazon EC2?

Availability zones are discrete geographic areas. Therefore, EC2 instances in other zones remain unaffected by a failure in one zone. They might have one or more availability zones in terms of regions. Moreover, this configuration lowers expenses and latency.

21. What does the Amazon EC2 root device volume mean?

This image is kept on the root device drive and is used to boot an EC2 instance. This happens when a fresh EC2 instance is launched by an Amazon AMI. This root device volume is also supported by EBS or an instance store. Generally speaking, the lifecycle of an EC2 instance has no bearing on the root device data on Amazon EBS.

22. List the various kinds of Amazon EC2 instances and describe their characteristics.

General Function Examples: They help with memory, processing, and networking resource allocation in addition to being used to compute a variety of workloads.

Compute-intensive applications are best suited for Compute Optimized Instances. They are capable of managing high-performance web servers, machine learning, and batch processing workloads.

23. Will the availability zone in which your primary RDS launches be the same for your standby RDS?

No, the standby and primary infrastructures are launched in different availability zones, resulting in physically distinct infrastructures. This is so because the main goal of standby instances is to shield the system from failure. Consequently, the backup instance will help recover all of the data in the event that the primary instance fails.

Advanced AWS Interview Questions and Answers

24. What distinguishes a Reserved Instance, On-demand Instance, and Spot Instance?

Spot instances are discounted EC2 instances that are not in use.

You pay for computing resources when you use on-demand instances, but there are no long-term commitments.

Conversely, attributes like instance type, platform, tenancy, region, and availability zone can all be specified for reserved instances. When instances in specific availability zones are used, reserved instances provide significant reductions and capacity reservations.

25. Given that the RDS instance replica is not promoted as the master instance, how would you handle a scenario where the relational database engine frequently collapses when traffic to your RDS instances increases?

In order to handle large volumes of traffic and create manual or automated snapshots to recover data in the event that the RDS instance fails, a larger RDS instance type is needed.

26. What does the term "changing" in Amazon EC2 mean, in your opinion?

The option to move from the existing “instance count-based limitations” to the new “vCPU Based restrictions” is now available on Amazon EC2, making limit administration easier for users. Utilization is therefore expressed in terms of the quantity of virtual CPUs when launching a combination of instance types based on demand.

27. What Does Amazon LightSail Mean by Snapshots?

Snapshots are the point-in-time backups of block storage drives, databases, and EC2 instances. They can always be produced automatically or manually. Even after they have been created, snapshots can always be used to restore your resources. Additionally, these resources will carry out the identical tasks as the ones from which the snapshots were taken.

AWS Scenario-based Questions

28. One of your applications is running on an EC2 instance. You have to lighten the load on your instance once its CPU utilization reaches 80%. How do you approach finishing the task?

One way to do this is to create an autoscaling group that will launch more instances when the CPU utilization of an EC2 instance reaches 80%. Another way is to divide traffic among instances by designating EC2 instances as target instances and establishing an application load balancer.

29. Using multiple Linux Amazon EC2 instances and Amazon EBS volumes, how can a solutions architect improve resilience and enforce ACID properties for a web application?

Applications can be load balanced across multiple availability zones using AWS Auto Scaling groups. For each instance, mount a target and use Amazon EFS to store data.

Technical and Non-Technical AWS Interview Questions

30. What affordable service would you recommend for a company that emphasizes the use of email addresses and domains in compliance emails to ensure a smooth implementation?

The cloud-based email-sending service Amazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES) can be used to do this.

AWS Interview Questions And Answers for Amazon EC2

31. Explain SES.

Simple Email Service (SES) is a service provided by Amazon that lets you quickly and cheaply send bulk emails to your customer

32. Explain PaaS.

PaaS facilitates the use of various cloud platforms, mostly for the purposes of development, testing, and program management.

33. In what quantity can S3 buckets be made?

By default, 100 buckets can be created.

34. How many elastic IPs can one person produce at most?

For each location and AWS account, a maximum of five elastic IP addresses may be generated.

35. What is EC2 on Amazon?

Elastic Compute Cloud, or EC2, is a computing capacity that is scalable. By eliminating the need to purchase hardware, using Amazon EC2 speeds up the development and deployment of applications. Launching as many or as few virtual servers as necessary, setting up networking and security, and controlling storage are all possible with Amazon EC2. It can adapt to changing needs by scaling up or down, which eliminates the need to predict traffic. “Instances”—virtual computing environments—are offered by EC2.

36. What Are A Few Amazon EC2 Security Best Practices?

Amazon EC2 security best practices include limiting access by only permitting trusted hosts or networks to access ports on an instance, disabling password-based logins for instances launched from your AMI, and using Identity and Access Management (IAM) to control access to AWS resources.

37. If so, how can S3 be used with EC2 instances?

Instances with local instance storage as the root device can use Amazon S3. That way, developers can access the same data storage infrastructure—which is highly scalable, dependable, fast, and reasonably priced—that powers Amazon’s own global network of websites. Amazon Machine Images (AMIs) are loaded into Amazon S3 and then moved between Amazon S3 and Amazon EC2 by developers in order to run systems in the Amazon EC2 environment.

38. What distinguishes halting an EC2 instance from terminating it?

Contrary to popular belief, stopping and terminating are not the same thing.An EC2 instance enters a stopped state and undergoes a standard shutdown when it is stopped. Nevertheless, the EBS volumes connected to the terminated instance are erased and irretrievably lost when it is shut down and placed in a stopped state. 

39. According to price, what are the various EC2 instance types?

Three categories of EC2 instances exist:

  • As-needed Example
  • When taken over an extended period of time, it becomes more expensive.
  • Particular Case
  • It is available for bidding and is more affordable than the on-demand instance. 
  • Set Aside Example
  • This instance is the best choice if you intend to use it for a year or longer.

40. How can SSH agent forwarding be configured so that each time you log in, you don't need to copy the key?

Here’s how to make this happen:

  • Visit the PuTTY Configuration page.
  • Navigate to SSH -> Auth and enable the forwarding of SSH agents to your instance

41. What are the operating systems AIX and Solaris? Are they accessible through AWS?

The SPARC processor architecture used by the operating system Solaris is not currently supported by public clouds. 

You cannot create AIX instances in EC2 because AIX is an operating system that only runs on Power CPUs, not Intel.

Since both operating systems have their limitations, they are not currently available with AWS.

42. How can an EC2 instance be recovered using CloudWatch configuration?

This is how you set them up:

  • Utilizing Amazon CloudWatch, Set an Alarm
  • Navigate to the Define Alarm -> Actions tab in the Alarm.
  • Select the option to Recover this instance.

43. What kinds of AMI designs are most frequently used?

AMIs come in a variety of forms, but some of the more popular ones are as follows:

AMI Fully Baked

JEOS AMI (Just Enough Baked AMI) and Hybrid AMI

44. What Do AWS Key-Pairs Mean?

When connecting the Amazon EC2 instances, we must provide our identity to the Virtual Machines using the password-protected Key-Pairs. To connect to the instances, we need the Key-Pairs, which consist of a Public Key and a Private Key.

AWS Interview Questions for S3

45. What is S3 from Amazon?

S3 stands for Simple Storage Service, and the most widely used storage platform is Amazon S3. Any quantity of data can be stored and retrieved from any location using object storage, or S3. Even with that adaptability, it is essentially limitless and reasonably priced due to the on-demand storage. It also provides previously unheard-of levels of availability and durability. Access control, compliance, and cost optimization are all aided by data management with Amazon S3.

46. If you misplace the key to an EC2 instance, how can you get back in or log in?

If you can’t find the key, follow these steps to recover an EC2 instance:

  • Make sure the EC2Config service is operational.
  • Remove the instance’s root volume.
  • Affix the volume to a provisional instance.
  • Change the file configuration.
  • Relaunch the initial instance.

47. What are the main distinctions between EBS and AWS S3?

  • Use Case:

EBS: Primarily used for block-level storage volumes attached to EC2 instances. It provides persistent, low-latency block storage for applications running on EC2.

S3: Object storage service designed for scalable and durable storage of objects, such as files and backups. It is suitable for storing and retrieving large amounts of data from anywhere on the web.

  • Storage Type:

EBS: Block storage. Each EBS volume is essentially a raw block device that can be attached to an EC2 instance.

S3: Object storage. Objects are stored in a flat, non-hierarchical structure, and each object has a unique key within a bucket.

  • Access Speed:

EBS: Generally provides lower latency and faster access times compared to S3 because it’s designed for use with EC2 instances in the same Availability Zone.

S3: S3 is optimized for durability and scalability, but retrieval times can be higher compared to EBS, especially for frequently accessed data.

  • Durability and Redundancy:

EBS: Offers high durability for volumes within a single Availability Zone. It is designed to be fault-tolerant, but it’s limited to a specific Availability Zone.

S3: Provides high durability by automatically replicating data across multiple geographically separated Availability Zones within a region.

  • Access Control:

EBS: Access is typically controlled at the EC2 instance level. EBS volumes can be attached to a specific EC2 instance.

S3: Supports fine-grained access control using bucket policies and Access Control Lists (ACLs). Permissions can be managed at the bucket or object level.

  • Pricing Model:

EBS: Billed based on provisioned storage capacity (per GB-month) and I/O performance (per IOPS).

S3: Billed based on the amount of data stored (per GB-month), data transfer out of S3, and the number of requests made.

  • Data Transfer:

EBS: Typically used for block-level storage within the same Availability Zone, so data transfer is within the AWS network and often does not incur additional costs.

S3: Data transfer costs may apply, especially when transferring data between AWS regions or out of the AWS network.

48. How do you grant someone access to a particular bucket?

To grant access, you must complete the four steps listed below.

These are:

  • Sort through your examples.
  • Specify which users are authorized to manage which servers.
  • Secure your tags.
  • affix your policies to users of IAM

49. Without physically inspecting the bucket, how can S3 cross-region replication be monitored to guarantee consistency?

  • Implement Automated Monitoring for S3 Cross-Region Replication Consistency:
    a. Set up a monitoring system using AWS CloudWatch.
    b. Create custom CloudWatch Alarms to track key metrics related to cross-region replication.
    c. Define appropriate thresholds for these alarms based on your consistency requirements.
  • Configure Event Notifications:
    a. Establish event notifications in S3 to trigger specific replication-related events.
    b. Use Amazon Simple Notification Service (SNS) to send notifications when events occur.
  • Utilize AWS Lambda for Automation:
    a. Create AWS Lambda functions to automate responses to triggered events.
    b. Implement Lambda functions to perform actions such as alerting or corrective measures.

  • Regularly Review CloudWatch Dashboards:
    a. Set up CloudWatch Dashboards to visualize replication metrics and consistency status.
    b. Regularly review the dashboards to quickly identify any anomalies or issues.

  • Implement Cross-Region Replication Metrics:
    a. Leverage S3 replication metrics provided by CloudWatch.
    b. Monitor metrics such as replication lag, object creation, and replication failures.

  • Periodically Audit Replicated Data:
    a. Schedule periodic audits of replicated data integrity.
    b. Use AWS tools or scripts to compare source and destination buckets for consistency.

50. Explain Snowball.

Terabytes of data are transmitted both inside and outside of the AWS environment utilizing a little program known as Snowballs.

Using Snowballs, you can send data in the following ways:

A choice is made.

The Snowballs software is linked.

The information is sent to the Snowballs program.

Next, data is sent to Amazon S3.

51. Which Storage Classes are provided by Amazon S3?

The following Storage Classes are available with Amazon S3:

  • Storage class for Amazon S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval
  • Amazon S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval storage class (formerly called S3 Glacier)
  • Glacier Deep Archive (S3 Glacier Deep Archive) on Amazon
  • S3 Storage Outposts class
  • Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA) on Amazon S3
  • S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access (IA) on Amazon

52. What is the objective of using the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) and what is it?

Google Cloud AI Platform is a managed service that allows you to create and run machine When connecting from your own data center to your cloud resources, a VPC, or virtual private cloud, is the best option. Every instance in the VPC you host is given a private IP address that can be available from your data center once you link your datacenter to it. In this manner, you can use the resources in your public cloud just like they were on your personal network.learning models. Support for popular frameworks such as TensorFlow and PyTorch simplifies the development and deployment of machine learning models. You can use this service to train your models, and Google will manage the underlying infrastructure. This feature speeds up and improves the efficiency with which machine learning models are built and deployed.

53. VPC is not using DNS to resolve the server. What might be the problem, and how can it be resolved?

You must enable DNS hostname resolution to allow for this issue to be solved so that it goes completely on its own.

54. How can multiple sites be connected to a VPC?

Using the AWS VPN Cloud Hub, you can provide secure communication between sites if you have several VPN connections. This diagram will show how to link various locations to a virtual private cloud (VPC):

55. What are some of the security features and products that are provided by VPC?

Below is a list of security features and products:

Security groups: These control incoming and outgoing traffic at the instance level, functioning as the EC2 instances’ firewall.

Network access control lists: They control incoming and outgoing traffic at the subnet level, serving as a kind of firewall for the subnets.

Flow logs: These record all incoming and outgoing network interface traffic from your virtually private cloud.

56. How is the Amazon VPC tracked?

  • VPC Logs for Flow
  • Amazon web services
  • Region
  • Vpc
  • Availability zone
  • Private subnet
  • Ec2 instance
  • Flow log 
  • S3 bucket

57. The greatest amount of subnets allowed in a VPC?

Within each Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC), we have the ability to have up to 200 Subnets.

Typical Questions for an AWS Interview

58. In which instances would you rather have provisioned IOPS than regular RDS storage?

When you have workloads that are batch-oriented, you would use Provisioned IOPS. considerable I/O rates may be achieved with provisioned IOPS, but the cost is significant. Workloads involving batch processing, however, don’t call for human involvement.

59. What Are the Differences Among Redshift, Dynamodb, and Amazon Rds?

Relational management of databases is provided via Amazon RDS. Patching, updating, and data backups are all automatically managed by it. This database management function is exclusive to structured data. However, DynamoDB is a NoSQL database solution intended to handle unstructured data. Redshift is an analytical data warehouse product.

60. What Benefits Does AWS's Disaster Recovery Offer?

Businesses employ cloud computing in part to speed up the recovery of vital IT systems in the event of a disaster without having to pay for a second physical location. The AWS cloud offers an extensive selection of widely used disaster recovery designs, from environments that provide rapid failover at scale to small client workload data center failures. AWS offers a suite of cloud-based disaster recovery services that allow for quick recovery of your data and IT infrastructure, with data centers located all over the globe.

61. What elements make up an AWS CloudFormation template?

Five basic elements make up AWS CloudFormation templates, which are text files in YAML or JSON format. They are as follows:

  • Template specifications
  • Values generated
  • Tables of data
  • Things
  • Version of file format

62. What occurs if an attempt is made to build a resource within a stack but it fails?

The CloudFormation instantly reverts and ends all of the resources that were generated using the CloudFormation template if the resource in the stack cannot be created. When you accidentally go over your allotted amount of Elastic IP addresses or are unable to access an EC2 AMI, this ability comes in useful.

63. How can EBS be used to automate EC2 backup?

Follow these steps to use EBS to automate EC2 backup:

To list the Amazon EBS volumes that are locally connected to the instance, retrieve the list of instances and create a connection with AWS using the API.

List all of the volumes’ snapshots, then give each one a retention period. Make a snapshot of each disk later on.

If the snapshot is older than the retention term, be mindful to delete it.

64. Why do EBS and Instance Store vary from one another?

EBS is a type of long-term storage which enables for future data restoration. Data stored in the EBS persists after the expiration of the EC2 instance. On the other hand, an instance store is a type of temporary storage that is affixed to a host computer physically. One instance cannot be removed and attached to another using an instance store. Data in an instance store is lost in the occurrence that any instance is stopped or terminated, unlike with EBS.

65. Is it possible to do an EFS or EBS backup, and if so, how?

Indeed, you may recover from inadvertent deletions or changes to Amazon EFS using the EFS-to-EFS backup method. Take these actions:

  • Open the AWS Administration Console and sign in.
  • To initiate EFS-to-EFS-restore, click the button.
  • To select a region, use the console navigation bar’s region selector.
  • Check the Select Template page to ensure that sure you selected the correct template.
  • Give your stack of solutions a name.
  • Check the template’s parameters and make any changes that are required

66. How are old photos automatically deleted?

Here is how to set up an automated delete for outdated snapshots:

  • Make sure you take snapshots of the EBS volumes on Amazon S3, using protocols and best practices.
  • To handle all of your snapshots automatically, use AWS Ops Automator.
  • This gives you the ability to make, move, and remove Amazon EBS snapshots.

Questions for an elastic load balancing AWS Interview

67. What kinds of load balancers are accessible on AWS?

Elastic Load Balancing offers three distinct types of load balancers:

  • Application Load Allocation
  • Network Load Allocation
  • Classical Load Balancer

68. Which applications do the different load balancers in AWS Elastic Load Balancing serve?

Application Load Balancer: Used when TLS termination and flexible application administration are required.

  • Network Load Distribution
  • Used in cases where your applications demand outstanding efficiency and static IP addresses.
  • Conventional Load Balancer
  • used when building an application on the EC2 Classic network
  • Security-related interview questions for AWS

69. Identity and Access Management: What Is It and How Is It Placed To Use?

A web service called Identity and Access Management (IAM) is used for securely controlling user access to AWS services. Access keys and other security credentials, as well as permissions that limit which AWS resources users and apps may access, are all manageable with IAM.

70. How can you monitor your AWS applications with AWS WAF?

Your web applications are shielded from online threats by Amazon Web Application Firewall, or AWS WAF. It assists you with controlling the flow of traffic to your applications. You may also design unique rules with WAF to stop typical attack patterns. It can be implemented in three scenarios: all requests are allowed, all requests are blocked, and all requests are tallied for a new policy.

71. What are the various AWS IAM categories under my authority?

You can do the following with AWS IAM:

  • Set up and supervise IAM users.
  • Set up and manage IAM groups.
  • Handle the users’ security credentials.
  • Set up and manage policies that grant access to AWS resources and services.

72. Which services does AWS offer as a highlight?

The following are AWS’s main components:  

  • Elastic compute cloud (EC2): This can be used to host applications as an on-demand computing resource. When workloads are unpredictable, EC2 is a great help. 
  • DNS is a web service provided by Route 53.
  • With AWS Identity and Access Management, Simple Storage Device S3 is a popular storage device service.
  • Elastic Block Store: This integrated EC2-capable solution lets you persist data while storing consistent volumes of information. 
  • Using cloud watch, you can monitor the crucial regions of AWS and even schedule a troubleshooting reminder.
  • Send emails using regular SMTP or by using the Simple Email Service

73.What are the most popular AWS product categories?

AWS’s top product categories are:

Compute Storage, Database, Networking, and Content Delivery; Analytics; Machine Learning; Security; Information Compliance.

74. Describe Amazon S3.

Amazon Simple Storage Service, or Amazon S3, enables the storage of any amount of data and its retrieval at any moment. It greatly lowers expenses and does away with the need for investments. Effective scalability, data availability, data protection, and performance are all provided by Amazon S3. By using this service, you can analyze the stored data using a variety of analytical tools, including artificial intelligence, machine learning, and big data analytics, to extract insights.



75. What is CloudFront by Amazon?

The service known as Content Delivery Network (CDN) is provided by Amazon CloudFront. This service is a developer-friendly tool that offers excellent security and performance. With more than 310 Points of Presence (PoPs) located all over the world, Amazon CloudFront’s global network effectively lowers latency. Additionally, this service lowers latency by utilizing intelligent routing algorithms and automated mapping. Data is protected by Amazon CloudFront through access control and traffic encryption.

76.What advantages does AWS Elastic Beanstalk offer?

Installing apps is, in a sense, easier and faster.

  • Elastic Beanstalk’s auto-scaling feature enables applications to be scaled up or down in response to demand.
  • Through regular updates with the most recent patches and upgrades, this AWS service maintains application platforms.
  • Developers could have enough flexibility to select the kind of EC2 instance, processors, and other components when they use this service.
  • A few advantages of the Elastic Beanstalk are as follows:
  • Simple and easy to use: You can quickly and simply manage and deploy the application with Elastic Beanstalk.
  • Beanstalk automatically scales up or down in response to variations in the volume of traffic to your application.
  • Productivity of developers: Although developers don’t need to be experts to deploy an application, they still need to keep it safe and intuitive.
  • Cost-effective: Beanstalk is free of charge. There are fees associated with the AWS service resources you use to run your application.
  • Customization: Elastic Beanstalk gives users the option to choose which AWS service configurations to use when developing applications.
  • Management and updates: When the platform changes, the application is automatically updated. AWS handles infrastructure management and platform updates.

77. Which platform branches are compatible with AWS Elastic Beanstalk graviton instances?

Docker operating at 64 bits 64-bit versions of Amazon Linux 2 Node.js 14 and Node.js 12 are operating on these versions of the operating system.

  • Python 3.8 operating on Amazon Linux 2 64-bit
  • Python 3.7 operating on Amazon Linux 2 64-bit

78.Which Amazon S3 storage classes are there?

  • Advanced S3 -Tiering
  • S3 Framework
  • Infrequent access S3 Standard (S3 Standard – A)
  • Infrequent access to S3 One Zone (S3 One Zone –IA)
  • S3 Glacier instantaneous recovery
  • S3 Flexible Glacier Recovery
  • Archive S3 Glacier deep copy
  • S3 Detours

79.Regarding Amazon EBS snapshots, what do you mean?

  • Snapshots from the Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) are point-in-time copies of data that can be utilized for backup compliance, data migration, and disaster recovery. Block storage, including EBS volumes, boot volumes, and on-premises block data, is safeguarded by this data protection system.

80.Compare: AWS RTO and RPO?

The Recovery Point Objective (RPO) of AWS Elastic Disaster Recovery is typically expressed in terms of sub-seconds. RPO shows you how much time or data loss you can tolerate following a service outage.

Conversely, RTO stands for Amazon Elastic Disaster Recovery’s Recovery Time Objective, and it’s typically expressed in minutes. RTO is the amount of time it takes for resources to recover and resume normal operations following a service-related disaster.

81.For what reason is Amazon CloudFront seen as DevOps friendly?

For example, CloudFront provides quick invalidations and change propagation in as little as two minutes.

  • It offers a feature-rich API for creating, configuring, and maintaining CloudFront distributions.
  • The behaviors of CloudFront, including caching, communication, forwarding of headers and metadata, compression modes, and much more, are customizable.
  • Applications can easily adapt content variants and other responses because CloudFront can detect device types and forward this information to them.

82.By Provisioned IOPS, what do you mean and how is it applied?

The EBS volume type that offers the best performance for workloads involving a lot of input/output is provisioned IOPS. Database applications, for instance, can make use of provisioned IOPS because they require predictable and quick response times. To ensure consistent performance over the volume’s lifetime, the volume size and performance will be specified here for EBS volumes.

83.What is the operation of Amazon ElastiCache?

Real-time use cases are supported by the fully managed in-memory cache. It serves as a database, cache, message broker, queue, and quick in-memory data store. Additionally, real-time transactions, session stores, gaming leaderboards, and business intelligence tools will all be supported by this service.

84 How do AWS Snowcone and AWS storage devices convey data?

Using the AWS Snowcone service, data is collected and handled at the source level after being collected by sensors and other devices. The data is then moved, either online or offline, onto Amazon storage devices like S3 buckets. Additionally, data sync options allow you to continuously transmit data to AWS sources. Additionally, data is sent to AWS storage devices using the AWS Snowcone service after being processed via Amazon EC2 instances.

85. What is the connection between Cloud Endure Disaster Recovery and AWS Elastic Disaster Recovery?

Since Cloud Endure Disaster Recovery is the foundation on which AWS Elastic Disaster Recovery is often built, the capabilities of both services are comparable. They help you in:

  • Simplify setup, use, and recovery procedures for many different programs.
  • Perform disaster recovery drills and testing in a non-disruptive manner.
  • Recover TROs in days and RPOs in seconds.
  • Recover from a prior period of time

86. How do Amazon RDS and Amazon VPC communicate?

Amazon DB instances can be managed by the Amazon EC2 instances, EC2-VPC and EC2-Classic. Amazon DB instances can be created in a virtual private cloud by using Amazon VPC. Controlling the virtual networking environment is also aided by it. However, Amazon RDS is in charge of software areas, backups, and automated failure detection and recovery. Operating your database instances inside an Amazon VPC can result in substantial savings in costs.

87. How is workload separation and changeability managed by Amazon Redshift?

To accomplish read workload isolation, the ETL cluster exchanges its data with segregated BI and analytics clusters. In order to save expenses, it also permits the creation of optional fees. The analytic cluster can be arranged here in accordance with the budget that is required. It also makes integrating the new workloads relatively easy.

88. How does Elasti Cache from Amazon improve caching efficiency?

Throughput and latency may be reduced with Amazon ElastiCache’s in-memory caching capability. In-memory caching is especially helpful for heavy workload applications like social networking, gaming, and media sharing, as it boosts the efficiency of data access. In addition, important data fragments can be kept in memory, significantly reducing latency.

89. What Do Amazon VPC Flow Logs and Traffic Mirroring Compare?

You may monitor traffic content, payloads, discover problem causes, and prevent data misuse by using Amazon VPC traffic mirroring to get actionable insights about network traffic.

But information on traffic acceptance and rejections, source and destination IP addresses, packet and byte counts, and port details are all provided by Amazon VPC flow logs. For the purpose of maximizing network performance, it helps in resolving security and related concerns.

90.Describe the distinctions between Amazon ECS and AWS Lambda.

AWS Lambda is an event-driven, serverless computing solution that facilitates the execution of code without requiring server provisioning or management. In contrast to Amazon Lambda, Amazon also oversees server management.

While AWS Lambda can run codes in select languages, ECS can run codes in any language on containers.

While ECS can handle any size and complexity of code, AWS Lambda is useful for simple and quick functions.

While ECS container service requires managing servers and infrastructure in accordance with demand, AWS Lambda scaling can be done automatically.

91. How do Key-pairs work?

The login credentials on an Amazon EC2 are encrypted and decrypted using public key cryptography. In public key cryptography, data is encrypted using the public key and decrypted at the recipient’s location using the private key. Key pairs are made up of the public key and the private key. You can safely access the instances with key pairs.



92.How can the access to your S3 bucket be secured?

There are two ways to secure an S3 bucket:

Access Control List, or ACL

The management of resource access to buckets and objects is done via ACL. Every bucket has an object that is connected to the ACL. It lists the AWS accounts that have been authorized access as well as the kind of access. Upon receipt of a resource request from a user, the associated ACL will be examined to confirm if the user has been authorized to access the resource.

Full control over AWS resources is provided by the default ACL that Amazon S3 creates when you create a bucket.

Policy for Buckets

Policies for buckets are exclusive to S3 buckets. Policies for buckets specify what behaviors are permitted or denied or owed. The permissions specified in the bucket policy apply to every object in the S3 bucket, but the bucket policies are linked to the bucket rather than an S3 object.

The principal components of Bucket policy are as follows:

 

Sig

The actions of the policy are decided by Sid. The Sid would be Add Canned Acl, for instance, if the task at hand is adding a new user to an Access Control List (ACL). The Sid would be IP Allow if the policy was designed to evaluate IP addresses.

Effect: Following the application of the policy, an action is defined. Either allowing or refusing an action could be the action.

Principal: A principal is a string indicating which policy is applied to all users if the principal string is set to ‘*’, but you can also designate a specific AWS account.

Measures

What occurs when the policy is implemented is called an Action. One action that enables reading object data is s3:Getobject.

Source:

The statement is applied to an S3 bucket, which is the Resource. A bucket name must be entered in a specific format; a simple bucket name cannot be entered. The resource would be written as “arn:aws:s3″”javatpoint-bucket/*” if the bucket name was, for instance, javatpoint-bucket.



93. How can EBS be utilized to automate EC2 backup?

Follow these steps to use EBS to automate EC2 backup:
To list the Amazon EBS volumes that are locally connected to the instance, retrieve the list of instances and create a connection with AWS using the API.

List all of the volumes’ snapshots, then give each of them a retention period. Make a snapshot of each disk later on.

If the snapshot is older than the retention term, be mindful to delete it.

94. What is the difference between EBS and an Instance Store?

 EBS is a type of permanent storage that allows data to be restored at a later time. When you save data to the EBS, it remains even after the EC2 instance has been terminated. Instance Store, on the other hand, is temporary storage that is physically attached to a host machine. You cannot detach one instance and attach it to another using an Instance Store. Unlike EBS, data in an Instance Store is lost if an instance is stopped or terminated.

95. Can you backup EFS like EBS, and if so, how?

Yes, you can recover from unintended changes or deletions in Amazon EFS using the EFS-to-EFS backup solution. Take the following steps: Log in to the Amazon Web Services Management Console. Click the EFS-to-EFS-restore button to begin. To select a region, use the region selector in the console navigation bar. On the Select Template page, double-check that you’ve selected the correct template. Give your solution stack a name. Examine the template’s parameters and make any necessary changes.

AWS Elastic Load Balancing Interview Questions

96. How are outdated images instantly removed?

Here is the procedure to set up a scheduled delete for outdated snapshots:
Make sure you take snapshots of the EBS volumes on Amazon S3, using protocol and best practices.

To handle all of the snapshots automatically, use AWS Ops Automator.

This gives you the capacity to make, move, and delete Amazon EBS snapshots.

97. What are the various types of load balancers available on AWS?

Elastic Load Balancing supports three different types of load balancers:

Application Load Balancer Network Load Balancer Load Balancer Classic Load Balancer

98. Which applications do the different load balancers in AWS Elastic Load Balancing serve?

Application Load Balancer: Used when TLS termination and flexible application management are needed.

Balancing load across network

Used in cases where your applications require exceptional performance and static IP addresses.

Conventional Load Balancer

used when building an application on the EC2 Classic network

Security-related interview questions for AWS

99.How can you monitor your AWS applications with AWS WAF?

Your web applications are protected from online exploits by Aws Web Application Firewall, or AWS WAF. It helps you in managing the flow of traffic to your applications. You may also design distinctive regulations with WAF to stop typical attack patterns. It can be implemented in three situations: all requests are allowed, all requests are denied, and all requests are tallied for a new policy.

100. What Is Cloud trail and How Do Route 53 and Cloud trail Communicate with one another?

AWS customers can utilize CloudTrail to store details about any requests, such as those made by IAM users, that are made to the Amazon Route 53 API. These requests’ log files have been saved by CloudTrail to an Amazon S3 bucket. Every request has its information recorded by CloudTrail. The requests that were sent to Amazon Route 53, the IP address from which they started out, the sender of the request, the time it was sent, and other information may all be found in the CloudTrail log files.

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FAQs;

Does Amazon support region-based services across the board?

No, it does not offer region-specific usage on all of its services. However, the majority of the services are limited to specific regions.

 

What exactly is EBS in AWS?

 block storage (EBS) Elastic block storage (EBS) is a type of storage system used to keep persistent data. EBS is intended to provide block-level storage volumes and to use EC2 instances at any scale for both transactional and throughput-intensive workloads.

How many AWS regions are there?

The AWS Serverless Application repository will be available in the AWS GovCloud (US-East) region in September 2021. This service expands service availability to a total of 18 AWS regions across North America, South America, the EU, and Asia Pacific.

Which AWS region is the most affordable?

The US standard is the most affordable and well-established AWS region.

What is the largest S3 bucket size?

An S3 bucket can hold up to 5 TB of data.

Is Amazon Web Services RDS free?

AWS RDS is, indeed, a free tier. RDS enables AWS customers to get started with the cloud management database service for free.

What is the distinction between EBS and S3?

 The distinction between EBS and S3 EBS S3 Extremely scalable scalability is reduced. It is a type of storage for blocks. It is an object storage facility. EBS outperforms S3.EBS is faster than S3. Users can only access EBS through the specified EC2 instance.S3 is a public instance that anyone can access. It is compatible with the File System Interface. It is compatible with the Web interface 

Is Amazon S3 a worldwide service?

Yes, Amazon S3 is a worldwide service. It provides web-based object storage and runs its global e-commerce network on Amazon’s scalable storage infrastructure.

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